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There are dozens of varieties of tortoises and turtles. If this is a pet you've been thinking about acquiring, it's important to bring the right one in for your families personality.

Today we're going to take a look at five of the more common types that might make great options for your family. Each breed (and especially each individual) has different personalities and traits, and each require different types of care. Before adopting a turtle or a tortoise, be sure you're very clear on their specific needs and what type of care each requires (including diet, supplements, type of habitat, humidity levels and basking time).

(Spoiler alert: You will probably be surprised at the level of care required for a happy, healthy turtle!)

Russian Tortoise

russian-tortoiseRussian tortoise

The Russian Tortoise is one of the tortoise types considered an excellent choice as a pet due to easy keeping and great personality. The female may grow reach 8-10 inches in length, while the adult male measures slightly smaller at 6-8 inches. If you're in a temperate climate, the Russian will do quite well in an outdoor enclosure (be sure it contains concrete footings for extra security - this species LOVES to dig).

Its habitat must have a daytime temperature of between 70°F to 80°F, and should stay between 65°F to 75°F during the evening. You will also need to provide a basking spot with an 85°F temperature.

The Russian's primary food consists of clover and grasses, with a moderate intake of fruits to prevent indigestion. Their diets must contain high calcium and fiber, with low levels of protein. Click here to discover a few Quirky Things We Learned from Our Tortoise.

Reptile Quotes

  • "And in the afternoon they entered a land - but such a land! A land hung in mourning, darkened by gigantic cypresses, submerged; a land of reptiles, silence, shadow, decay."
    George Washington Cable
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Reptile Facts

  • Hundreds of millions of years ago, amphibians became the first vertebrates to live on land.
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