This striking bird occupies part of the same habitat ruled by the ancient Inca Empire in South America. Inca Terns are best known by their dashing white mustaches, which are found on both male and female birds.
The low, moaning call of Newell's Shearwater led to its local name of 'A'o. Found only in Hawai'i, most of these small, endangered seabirds nest on the slopes and cliffs of Kaua'i. Small colonies also exist on Moloka'i, Maui, and the Big Island.
The majestic Bald Eagle is the only eagle unique to North America-the Golden Eagle occurs across the entire Northern Hemisphere-and is well-known, even to non-birders, as the national symbol of the United States.
Chuck-will's-widow belongs to a family of birds with the folk name "goatsuckers." The family name, Caprimulgidae, literally means "milker of goats" and is based on an ancient belief that the birds milked goats with their enormous mouths each night.
In Aesop's fable about the crow and the pitcher, a thirsty bird happens upon a vessel of water, but when he tries to drink from it, he finds the water level out of his reach. Not strong enough to knock over the pitcher, the bird drops pebbles into it -- one at a time -- until the water level rises enough for him to drink his fill. New research demonstrates the birds' intellectual prowess may be more fact than fiction.
Researchers have created the first migratory connectivity map produced for a songbird, using tracking from both breeding and winter sites. They were able to trace the route taken by wood thrushes from North America using bird 'backpacks'. They discovered that wood thrushes from Canada don't migrate to the same areas as their southern neighbors, and actually have a longer migratory route. The map will help identify specific areas for habitat protection.
Scientists have long known that providing supplemental food for wildlife, or resource provisioning, can sometimes cause more harm than good. Ecologists have now developed a new mathematical model to tease apart the processes that help explain why. Their research has implications for public health and wildlife conservation.
Mixed genes appear to drive hybrid birds to select more difficult routes than their parent species, according to new research. "Instead of taking well-trodden paths through fertile areas, these birds choose to scale mountains and cross deserts," says one of the researchers.
By tracking hybrids between songbird species, investigators have found that migration routes are under genetic control and could be preventing interbreeding. The research was conducted using geolocators that, like GPS, record the position of a bird and allow its long distance movement to be tracked.
Bioacoustic recorders could provide us with vital additional information to help us protect rare and endangered birds such as the European nightjar, new research has shown. The study found that newly developed remote survey techniques were twice as effective at detecting rare birds as conventional survey methods.
The mystery behind the movements of flocking starlings could be explained by the areas of light and dark created as they fly, new research suggests. The research found that flocking starlings aim to maintain an optimum density at which they can gather data on their surroundings. This occurs when they can see light through the flock at many angles, a state known as marginal opacity. The subsequent pattern of light and dark, formed as the birds attempt to achieve the necessary density, is what provides vital information to individual birds within the flock.
During the 2011 and 2012 migration seasons, researchers monitored mallard ducks with new remote satellite tracking technology, marking the first time ducks have been tracked closely during the entirety of their migration from Canada to the American Midwest and back. The research revealed that mallards use public and private wetland conservation areas extensively as they travel hundreds of miles across the continent.
Books by Pack Leader
The Avian First Aid Kit
Written by Sybil Erden & Carol Highfill
Monday, 06 September 2010 03:15
The Oasis Sanctuary rescues all species of birds. Read on for a printable list of the supplies you should keep on hand for your birds, then visit The Oasis and make a donation so they can continue their mission of providing critical care to birds in need...
One of the most important items a responsible bird owner must have is a First Aid kit just for your bird. This is true whether you have one bird, or are a breeder caring for a hundred of more avians. Having a well stocked avian First Aid kit handy can prepare you to handle minor emergencies yourself or enable you to stabilize your bird’s condition while getting your bird to your avian veterinarian. In an emergency you will not have the time to run around your home getting the necessary materials or equipment, so this kit can be a life saver. Decide before hand where you wish to keep the First Aid kit. The kitchen, bathroom or the bird room are good locations. Wherever you place it, keep it there.
Have your regular avian veterinarian’s name, address and telephone number taped in the lid of the First Aid Kit, along with at least one 24 hour emergency hospital, clinic or doctor’s name and number. In an envelope, in the First Aid kit, you should also keep a copy of your bird’s medical records, particularly any chronic diseases or recent injuries/illnesses the bird has been treated for. You will want to take this with you to the doctor or hospital and it may be important in an emergency. A sturdy, medium sized, plastic or metal tool box makes an ideal Avian First Aid Kit. After careful consideration, we have decided to help you put together a very basic kit, containing emergency necessities under the heading “Basic First Aid Kit”. For those of you who feel more comfortable doing minor emergency procedures yourself, we will list a few more items under “Additional Supplies”. We will end this article with a few more other emergency "must haves" for every bird owner.
Basic First Aid Kit
There are some absolute “musts” for your kit. The following are items we suggest for inclusion in a Basic First Aid Kit, and a brief description of their uses. Please keep in mind size appropriateness for your bird or birds. If you have some large and small birds you may need to keep duplicate items in various sizes.
Towel - for wrapping and securing your bird.
Scissors - for cutting tape, bandages.....and strings which can wrap on birds toes.
“Quik-stop” and/or styptic pencil (silver nitrate stick) - to stop bleeding from broken blood feathers or cuts. Avian blood has very little clotting agents in comparison to human/ mammal blood. A bird can literally bleed to death from a broken blood feather.
Hemostats and tweezers - for removing broken blood feathers, and/or splinters
Pliers, needle nose - for pulling blood feathers or unbending chains and quick links which birds are known to injure themselves with.
Wire cutters - once again, birds are known to wrap themselves in chain and/or wire.
Gauze pads - for covering wounds, burns
Cotton balls - for cleansing
Q-tips - for cleaning out small wounds, getting stuff out of bird's mouth's/ throats.
Vet wrap (cut into strips and rolled) - for wrapping broken bones, wings, or binding gauze pads to wounds.
Micropore tape (paper surgical tape) - for holding gauze in place
Penlight or small flashlight (A head-mounted light is even better.)
Magnifying glasses or "jewelers hoop" - especially necessary for those of us at "that certain age"....but since birds are so small and delicate, a pair of magnifying glasses can come in handy for anyone trying to do detail work.
Sterile water - for flushing wounds or mixing with food
Pedialyte (or generic equivalent) - for rehydrating a dehydrated bird. Can be mixed with food. Pedialyte contains sugars and electrolytes which avians quickly lose when dehydrated or sick. Must be discarded within 24 hours of opening since it is a wonderful media for bacteria to grow in. An alternate to Pedialite such as gastrolyte, Rappolyte powders cam be used. These should be mixed with sterile water. Both are available through veterinarians. Pedialite, however, is readily available at any grocery store in the baby food section.
Hand feeding formula, jars of human baby food such as vegies, cereals or squash. - Often sick or injured birds will be too weak to eat on their own for a few days. During this period of time we may find ourselves having to spoon or syringe feed the bird to help keep their strength up.
Feeding syringes, spoon with bent up sides to facilitate feeding (for above)
Pellets/seeds - If your bird needs to stay at the hospital, they may not have the type/kind of food your bird is accustomed to. It is a good idea to have several baggies of fresh seed and/or pellets available to take with you.
Betadyne or hibitane (chlorhexidine) - non-irritating disinfectants. These are available from your veterinarian.
Aloe Vera - for very minor burns. Most creams and lotions are toxic to birds, so please make sure that your get 100% pure Aloe Vera
For those who are more experienced and/or less squeamish, or who simply live too far to get to the veterinarian quickly, you may want to add:
Popsicle sticks - for immobilizing broken legs
Ophthalmic ointment - for scratched eyes, minor conjunctivitis.
Suturing materials (surgical needles and thread) - Use only if you know what you are doing, or to save a bird’s life. Take to veterinarian ASAP.
Gelfoam -stops bleeding from flesh wounds. Available from your veterinarian.
Tegaderm dressing - helps healing for burns and certain open wounds. Encourages granulation ( healing/scabbing.) Available at any pharmacy.
Lactated Ringer's solution - used for IV rehydrating of dehydrated avians and flushing wounds. (Available from your Veterinarian)
Syringes - for injectable medications and irrigation of wounds.
Oxygen - this requires a prescription from your vet to be put on file with a local supply house. This is only needed by the most experienced of bird owner/breeders.
PetsWeekly.com has become one of the most popular websites in the pet industry and is well-known for their reviews on the newest and most unusual pet products. You'll find pet product giveaways, pet parent advice, the latest pet news, and the strangest reviews while guest blogs by veterinarians and behavior specialists help you navigate the wilds of pet care.
PetsWeekly.com is written for the multi-pet household who treat their pets like family. We offer reliable product and service reviews on the newest pet products; as well as humorous stories, pet news, educational resources, animal facts, fun quotations, and helpful articles on behavioral and health concerns in pets of all species. Sit. Stay. And learn how to live amongst animals (without becoming one).