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Keeping a rabbit can be a challenge if you're not prepared. There are many things you should take under consideration before adopting a rabbit as a pet. This is a short list of the things you'll need to evaluate and a brief look at what your rabbit requires to live a long, healthy and happy life.


Your rabbit needs a comfortable and safe home that it can call its own. Make sure that your rabbit does not have a home or bed that is too cold or too hot. Avoid placing its home next to the heat or air conditioning vent, in direct sunlight, or near drafty windows or doors.


All living things need water. Wild rabbits learn from their parents how to find water. Pet rabbits cannot turn on the faucets to get water for themselves, so they rely on us to do it for them. It is very important that your house rabbit, or any of your pets, always have access to clean, fresh water every day. Rabbits will generally drink more water from a bowl than a water bottle.


Your rabbit should have as much hay as it wants. When it becomes an adult rabbit, it needs a different kind of hay from Alfalfa. It needs grass hay. Grass hays are timothy, orchard, brome and oat (plus others). Grass hays help their stomachs and other parts work very well.


Rabbit pellets provide vitamins and minerals for your rabbit to stay healthy. Follow instructions on how many pellets it should have each day. If you want to give your rabbit other things to eat, ask your veterinarian to recommend other foods and treats.

Bathroom Area

Rabbits need a bathroom area. Rabbits are very clean animals, and they like to go to the bathroom in the same area. A litter box, just like a cat’s, can be used. Select a litter that is specially made for rabbits. Don’t use clay-based cat litters.


Daily brushing will help your rabbits fur stay shiny and clean and is a fun way to interact with your pet. A rabbit will lick its body to clean itself but sometimes it needs help. A rabbit continually grows hair and brushing helps remove the hair, so your rabbit doesn’t swallow too much hair during cleaning.


If you are going to have a house rabbit as a pet, it needs lots of love and to play just like you. You can love it by petting it. Some rabbits like to be held and others do not. They like to be given lots of attention every day.


Playing with a rabbit is different than the way you play. Rabbits love to run and jump. Sometimes they leap into the air and kick their feet back. This is called a “binky.” Since they don’t have hands, they use their mouth, like a hand, to pick up things. Rabbits play with their mouths and their feet. Baby rattles are safe toys for your rabbit. Your rabbit can pick a rattle up with its mouth and toss it. Some rabbits like to have their hay put in different places like in a cardboard tube. They can push it around like a ball—they like balls—and eat the hay out of it, too. Some like to find healthy treats hidden in their hay.

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Author: oxbow
About the Author
Oxbow Animal Health is an internationally-recognized brand committed to serving the needs of small animals. Our animal care products have set an industry standard in superior small animal nutrition, and our Professional Line is recommended by top exotic veterinarians the world over for treating small pets recovering from illness or injury.

Critter Facts

  • Ferrets do not 'go feral' or 'wild'. A loose ferret will typically die of starvation within 4 days. They have no instinctive knowledge of what is or is not food.
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